The British Antarctic Expedition set sail from Cardiff on 15 June 1910 under the command of Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN (Royal Navy).
The stated aims were to increase scientific knowledge of the polar region, and to be the first to reach the South Pole.
Scott and his party of four men reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, only to find that a Norwegian team, led by Roald Amundsen, had arrived there almost a month before.
All five men in the British party died on their journey back to the base camp. Their bodies were discovered on 12 November 1912, along with letters and diaries which provided details of their journey.
Geography and exploration main page