Who Are the Sherpa People of Nepal? | Sherpa Adventure Gear

What are the culture and traditions of the Sherpa people?

The Sherpa people have strong cultural beliefs and rich heritage that centre around the belief that small, micro-cosmic changes will benefit the world when carried out with consideration for others and the natural world. This is naturally reflected in their willingness to aid tourists in their mountaineering expeditions and their close-knit patrilineage.


Although the Sherpa community are an ethnic group indigenous to the Himalayan region, the term has become mainly associated with those that assist tourists keen to climb Everest. Mostly young men, Sherpa guides are not just the muscle behind any expedition – carrying extra gear such as oxygen bottles, water, and food – they are also expert navigators. Enduring freezing temperatures of -30C down to -50C, they help climbers to negotiate icefalls, avalanches, and extreme altitude.

Patrilineage, Clans and Surnames

Today’s Sherpas are thought to descend from a small number of ancestors that settled in Nepal several centuries ago. Traditional Sherpa society is still divided into clans, called ru, which are passed down through the male bloodline. Ru therefore roughly corresponds to the surnames of Western societies. Males of the same ru are expected to share identical Y-chromosome haplotypes (a group of genes inherited from one parent).

Who are the most famous Sherpas?

The Sherpa community is made up of extremely selfless and humble individuals that aren’t the type of people to seek fame or recognition for their accomplishments. However, a majority of their achievements are mean feats that aren’t always able to go unnoticed.

Tenzing Norgay

Tenzing Norgay GM OSN, born Namgyal Wangdi, and also referred to as Sherpa Tenzing, was a Nepali-Indian Sherpa mountaineer. He was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which he accomplished with Edmund Hillary on 29 May 1953.

Lakpa Sherpa

Lapka was the first Nepalese woman to climb and descend Everest. At 48 years old, she has climbed Everest nine times, more than any other woman climber.

Babu Chiri

Babu is recognised for his two world records relating to Mount Everest. He managed to stay on the summit for 21 hours without auxiliary oxygen and also completed the mountain’s fastest ascent in 16 hours 56 minutes. Babu climbed Everest ten times but sadly died during his 11th attempt.

Pem Dorjee Sherpa & Moni Mulepati

Pem Dorjee is a Sherpa mountaineer and has climbed Mount Everest twice. The second expedition was with his girlfriend Moni Mulepati where they exchanged wedding vows on May 30th 2005, becoming the first couple to be married on top of the mountain.

How is Sherpa Adventure Gear linked to the Sherpa People?

Sherpa Adventure Gear was originally created by Tashi Sherpa, a Nepalese local who wanted to give something back to the people of his country.

Our clothing has been developed to provide explorers with high-quality materials and innovative technology for their travels, while also providing the people of Nepal with ethical employment and continuous education.

Many of the children also have family members that are employed by Sherpa. For example, our jewellery and knitted hats are handcrafted in small women co-ops in the ancient city of Bhaktapur right outside Kathmandu.

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